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The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is the most widely used protocol for file transfer over the network. FTP uses TCP/IP for communication and it works on TCP port 21. FTP works on Client/Server Model where a client requests file from Server and server sends requested resource back to the client. FTP uses out-of-band controlling i.e.…

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Ethernet is a widely deployed LAN technology. This technology was invented by Bob Metcalfe and D.R. Boggs in the year 1970. It was standardized in IEEE 802.3 in 1980. Ethernet Ethernet shares media. Network which uses shared media has high probability of data collision. Ethernet uses Carrier Sense Multi Access/Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) technology to detect…

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The Domain Name System (DNS) is the phonebook of the Internet. Humans access facts online through domains, like Web browsers interact via Internet Protocol (IP) addresses. DNS translates domains to IP addresses so browsers can load Internet resources. The Domain Name System (DNS) works on Client Server model. It uses UDP protocol for transport layer…

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