192.168.1.1 may seem like a string of random numbers to the uninitiated, but to anyone privy to the internet world, these numbers hold great significance as a unique identification tool and as a means optimize your internet experience.
Think of the Internet like you, sending a letter to your relative in another country. You will need to know the exact location of where you will be sending the letter, as simply writing the person’s name will not be enough for the mail to reach them. That is where, a specific address will be needed a successful letter exchange, requiring you to consult some directory to find the address. Similarly, on the internet, your computer accesses the internet through DNS servers and looks up a hostname to locate a specific IP (Internet Protocol) address. Without an IP address, your computer will not know what to look for and where to look for it.
An IP address can be Private, Public, Dynamic and Static. Private IP addresses are used inside a local network, this can be your home, office or even your college. This is used for devices to communicate with the router and with every device connected to the router. The private address is usually assigned by the router, but it can also be manually assigned. Public IP addresses are used for devices to connect to the internet and the rest of the devices in the outside world. Dynamic or static IP addresses are dependent on whether they are DHCP enabled.
192.168.1.1 is one of the most commonly used private IP addresses, also known as a host address. It is provided by your router which is then also attached to any device accessing the router. These devices will follow the 192.168.1.1 pattern with the last digit ranging from 2 to 255. This holds true only for a router using an IP v4 network which uses an octodecimal numbering system to provide addresses. Routers provided by companies like Linksys, Cisco, 2Wire, Asus, and D-Link will usually have an IP address of 192.168.1.1, while some other companies may also use other standard IPs like 192.168.0.1 and 192.168.2.1.
As every IP address has to be unique (considering both Public and Private IP together) and there only so many numbers to go around, these Private addresses hold off the exhaustion of IP v4 address spaces, working in conjunction with NAT (Network address translation). Soon, this standard of naming will become obsolete as IP v6 convention allows for more space within its naming convention.
192.168.1.1 IP Login :
Private IP addresses have the specially reserved block of numbers which can never be used by Public IP addresses, meaning that they can never be used for a public website or be accessed by the internet. These numbers range from:
- 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
- 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
- 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
The reason most home routers use 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255 as their private IP address range is that it is categorized under the class C private address and falls inside the smallest private address space. Routers meant for business use would most likely use the 10.0.0.0 range.
These IP addresses have another significant use other providing you with the unique identification. When entering 192.168.1.1 on your browser (If that is your router’s IP address), you will gain access to the router’s admin settings. These setting allow you or the network administrator to configure your network and most importantly, set up network society. Some other useful features of your router admin page are the ability to view the devices connected to your network, speed up your wifi by changing the wireless network, extend your network range by setting your router as a repeater or for enabling dynamic DNS service.
You can usually find the IP address of your router written on the device itself, or on the manual provided with the device. However, if you cannot find it through either method, then the easiest way to find the IP address of the router is by running command prompt (Press Ctlr+R, type ‘cmd’ and then run it) and entering the command ‘ipconfig’ on it. Locate the line ‘Default Gateway Entry’, which will be your router’s IP address. If using a mac, the IP address can be found under network options, or by using the Terminal, and running the command ‘netstat –nr | grep default’.